L.A.'s contemporary rap scene is not specially known for its feminine side. Recently, though, someone occupied this niche, and pretended that she was the "Princess of Compton". Actually, Azjah's career did not start suddenly. For a while, this young lady had secretly written raps and practiced freestyles, as an amateur. Recently, though, things accelerated. In March 2017, after her brother Cholo was sentenced to prison for a murder attempt, she dedicated a single to him, "The Warm Up", which became viral, and was followed soon by an even more successful "Time For It". Due to these, she acquired the respect of DJ Mustard, YG, and Ty Dolla $ign, a distribution deal with EMPIRE, and was praised by specialized media.
The White Girl Mob didn't last long. This band of female rappers split, and its two most famous members, its figurehead Kreayshawn, and V-Nasty, a collaborator of Gucci Mane, are now AWOL. The only remaining one, actually, is Jordan Capozzi, a.k.a. Lil Debbie, the very one who collaborated to Kreayshawn's hit single "Gucci Gucci", but was expelled from the trio afterwards. There is some logic in her survival since, at the end of the day, she was the most talented of them. She got it moving, due to her companionship with the inenarrable Riff RaFF, a few popular songs on Youtube, and some praises from Snoop Dogg. From Keep It Lit in 2012 to Bay Chronicles this year, Lil Debbie kept on releasing projects. In reality, most have been disappointing, but the one titled after her name deserved to be noticed.
The main doll, the most visible of them all, is Arkeisha Knight. Revealed through a remix of Tinashe's "2 On", and then through her take on AV's "Run Me My Money", she was seen alongside people from her own city, Detroit, like Icewear Vezzo and FMB DZ, but she also worked with more famous people, like B.O.B. and Trina, who featured on Keisha Vs. Kash Doll, her first mixtape after she joined BMB Records. Later on, she also collaborated with Drake, Metro Boomin and Big Sean. She was also supposed to feature on a YG song, before that one, "She Bad", went to Cardi B. This ignited a short conflict between these two ladies, though they had much in common: both of them had been strippers, before they turned into rappers.
Let's talk about manicure. The males among you might ignore it, but there are two kinds of false nails: those made of gel, and those made of acrylic. The former have benefits: they look natural, and they are shinier. The latter, though, are more robust, and they are cheaper. These two kinds of fingernails, also, are socially significant. While the first category is associated with the rich, the other, also characterized by its bad chemical odor, is favored by lower class people, and the African-Americans. It smells like the 'hood. Such, actually, is the main theme on "Acrylic", the song: on a minimalistic beat, the smell of acrylic is a starting point for describing a world made of tricks, police controls, and single-parent families.
This is an implicit law in rap music: at one step or another of its career, any major collective must integrate a female member. One of these crews, however – and not the least – was an exception for quite a long time: Gucci Mane's 1017 Records. It took them a decade, no less, to have a femcee. The chosen one was Misharron Allen, a Dallas rapper better known as Asian Doll - though she is not an Asiatic. Her first project, Da Rise of Barbie Doll Gang Empire, was released in 2015, but it was with another one, a year later, that the Texan lady started making noise: Drippin' in Glo. After this album, she would feature with PnB Rock and Famous Dex – her lover, according to rumors – and she would be praised by Nicki Minaj.
Queen Key is the embodiment of rap's specific take on feminism. Instead of desexualizing women, she talks about her lust, loudly and proudly. Her approach, however, is different from the one CupcaKke, her Chicago colleague, opted for. Ke'Asha McClure is not that frontal and pornographic, she goes the humorous way, with a raspy voice that sounds older than she is. To male rappers who like to say "suck my dick", she answers Eat my Pussy with her last EP, the very project aimed at accelerating her career, now that she joined Machine Entertainment Group.
This is a new trend with today's rappers: they want to be rock stars. Though their subject matters – sex, drug and money – remain pretty much the same, their nihilist attitudes and imageries are heavily influenced by hardcore punk. See Playboi Carti's Die Lit cover art, for example. And the same goes with Rico Nasty on her latest mixtape, the first since she joined a major label. Nasty, indeed, his full of angry songs, blended with abrasive voices and furious guitars, like "Trust Issues", "In the Air", and the one summarizing it all: the outstanding "Rage".
It's been a while since a buzz started around OMB Peezy. Originally from Mobile, Alabama, but settled in Sacramento since he was 12, he featured since 2016 with the likes of Nef the Pharaoh or Yhung To, and he attracted the attention of a few others. E-40, indeed, invited him to join his Sick Wid It label. And he is also part of Lyor Cohen's new stable, 300. It took time, though, before he recorded a proper project. Heralded for months, Loyalty over Love was released only now. Prior to it, he only had side-projects: an average Humble Beginnings EP, produced by Cardo, and earlier this year, Young and Reckless, a mixtape with Sherwood Marty. This teamwork with the Baton Rouge rapper, though, was more than just an appetizer.
The feminine quota in the last Freshmen was represented by Stefflon Don. Though she has the particularity of not being American – she is a Brit who grew up in the Netherlands – this choice is not a total surprise. Stephanie Allen, indeed, has been making her way for a while, in the hip-hop world. She even integrated the influent Quality Control Music stable (Migos, Lil Yachty, etc.) last year. Having collaborated with French Montana and Future, as well as, more expectedly, with Skepta, the Londonian is representative of the growing convergence between America's hip-hop and UK's grime. Even if she is a Brit, her posture is the same as most female rappers, on the other side of the Atlantic ocean : she is a sexy doll and a dominatrix. The cover art of her next mixtape, Secure, shows clearly that her main influences come from the States, since it is copying Lil' Kim's The Notorious K.I.M.
By 2011, just when his regional musical style started buzzing outside of Chicago, BlockOnDaTrack, a drill music beatmaker, decided it was time to offer a feminine voice to this virile and aggressive hip-hop subgenre. He convinced his cousin Kiara Johnson - a student trying to make a living out of a waitress job at McDonalds, who had never thought she could be a rapper - to record a song with him. This would result into "I Need a Hitta", a success with the local Chicago youth, and it would lead to another one, "Ridin' Around and Drillin'", which caught the attention of King Louie. Subsequently, the drill music veteran asked the young woman to join his own Lawless Inc. imprint, and he participated to her most famous and defining banger : "Pop Out". Thus started the career of Katie Got Bandz, who released afterwards a series of mixtape, and became the undisputed queen of drill.
At first glance, this mixtape was some pure Los Angeles material. A few local rappers featured on it, like YG, Problem, and Joe Moses, and it was produced by the D.R.U.G.S. crew, later known through its association with Ty Dolla $ign. But its main player rapped with an accent and a style originated from the Dirty South. Iggy Azalea, though, was neither from California, nor from Georgia. She was even not an African-American, but a white, blonde and Australian lady. Fascinated by US rap music since she fell in love with 2Pac, Amethyst Kelly had flown before the age of 16 to the country of her idols. She had lived in Miami, Houston, and Atlanta, before relocating to the West Coast, per her label's recommendation.
To complement its new book published in May 2017, Mixtapes (French only), Fake For Real is sharing its own selection of mixtapes. Focusing exclusively on Northern American hip-hop, and on projects released from 2000 through 2015 (i.e. not in a time when mixtapes were, well, actual mix-tapes), these 100 records are not the same as those listed in the book. Quality prevailed here, over representativeness.
The new fad with silly rappers; the weirdness of artsy hip-hop, mixed with the most extreme offenses of gangsta rap; the confessions, the vulnerability, the thugs with bleeding hearts; the confusion between mixtapes and regular albums; web marketing, and its role in the advent of new talents; and the atmospheric sounds tagged as cloud rap. These trends have defined rap music, in the 2010's. And one man, in the late 2000's, heralded all of them; or at least, he represented them. This man, was Brandon McCartney, a.k.a. the BasedGod, a.k.a. Lil B.
The history of rap cannot be told, without a strong focus on mixtapes. Originally compilations of existing songs, recorded and mixed by DJs on audiocassettes, they became over time real albums, distributed on the Internet, sometimes for free. A core component of the hip-hop culture since its very beginnings, they have been, sometimes, more impactful and higher quality than official albums. After relating the surprising journey of the rap mixtape, through its multiple changes, this book reviews a selection of 100 gems, released by well-established rappers like 50 Cent, Cam'Ron, Kanye West, Lil Wayne, or more recent ones like Future, Earl Sweatshirt, Danny Brown, Freddie Gibbs, Action Bronson, Young Thug or Migos.
Jeezy's glory days happened by 2005, no doubt. During that year, indeed, he released his (classic) mixtape Trap or Die, a record from his band, Boyz n da Hood, and also his (classic, again) solo album, Let's Get It: Thug Motivation 101. By then, he was just the most important rapper on Earth, period. But the following years have been good ones as well, especially when, from 2009 through 2012, from Trap or Die Part 2 to It's Tha World, he released some of his best mixtapes. Among those, the two editions of The Real Is Back, released respectively in May and September 2011, and produced essentially by Lil Lody, deserve to be mentioned. Originally aimed at heralding a new album, Hustlerz Ambition, the last of the Thug Motivation trilogy, they proved, over time, to be significantly better.
A close look at the main rappers in the early 2010's, will show that all were not newcomers. The obvious example, of course, was 2 Chainz. Tauheed Epps had to pass his 30th birthday, indeed, to become a hip-hop figurehead. But prior to this, he had a career. He'd been part of Ludacris' label, Disturbing tha Peace, as one half of Playaz Circle, a duo with his friend Dolla Boy. These two even had some success around 2007, with the single "Duffle Bag Boy", featuring a Lil Wayne in his heyday. After two albums, however, their days came to an end, and 2 Chainz had to reinvent himself as a solo artist. And he did it smartly: he chose a new alias, the previous one, Tity Boi, being a bit embarrassing; he used his address book to collaborate with first-class rappers; and he became one of the ambassadors of trap music, displaying a rather generic kind of it, but in a pleasant and goofy way.
There's always a time, for any kind of music, when people get conscious about their heritage, and when everything needs to be defined relative to the past. As far as rap music is concerned, this phenomenon is far from new, but it got amplified when, by the beginning of the 2010's, a new generation took control; when, for the first time, rap had no competition anymore, and was delivered by people whose parents themselves were fan of the music. One of the best illustration of this new era was the revivalism promoted by the Raider Klan. The only female rapper in that crew, Amber Linwood, a.k.a. Amber London - or Vmber London, per the singular calligraphy these guys opted for - demonstrated that on her 1994 EP.
By the end of the naughties, almost two decades after the beginnings of his own Three 6 Mafia, and after the career apotheosis his Academy Award and the success of "Stay Fly" had been, Juicy J decided to focus on his solo career. He released a few albums, like Hustle Till I Die in 2009, and Stay Trippy in 2013, but also several mixtapes, including both editions of Rubba Band Business, two collaborative works with Lex Luger. By requiring the help of a producer sixteen years younger than he was, the guy behind Waka Flocka's and Rick Ross' latest bangers, the Memphis veteran surely wanted to demonstrate that he was aging well; and indeed, he was.
MikeWiLLBeenTrill was not the first mixtape from Mike Will Made It. In the two years before, he had released all three volumes of his Est. in 1989 series. But in 2013, the Atlanta producer was at the apex of his fame; he was now notorious much beyond the (t)rap universe he had originated from. Around a dozen of that year's hit singles, were produced by him. And a few weeks before this new release, he had executively produced Miley Cyrus' Bangerz album, and signed a large part of its music. While the Disney star collaborated with this beakmaker from Atlanta's trap music scene and turned into a nasty girl, Mike Will expanded his aura to a large audience. As a matter of fact, more than his previous releases, MikeWiLLBeenTrill demonstrated that his collaborators were getting more diverse.
There was a time when, by the end of the naughties, rap music seemed to turn into the new international pop. It was mixing more and more, indeed, with other genres like rock, or electronica. A few notorious rappers were leading the trend, like Kanye West, Kid Cudi, and later on Drake; and of course we could talk about the hit machine Black Eyed Peas, originally a pure hip-hop band, had turned into. Another man went into that direction, though in a more hipster way. With his fashion victim looks, Theophilus London, a New-Yorker of Trinidadian descent who would be actively sponsored by Kanye West, actually looked like a hipster fantasy: as a matter of fact, the 2011 edition of the Cannes Film Festival would love him.
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